Frédéric Rieux-Laucat

Immunogenetics of pediatric autoimmune diseases

Frédéric Rieux-Laucat
  • Aude Magérus-Chatinet
  • Fabienne Mazerolles
  • Aniko Hancz
  • Marie-Claude Stolzenberg
  • Mathieu Moncan
  • Laura Barnabéi
  • Caroline Besnard
  • Aurélien Adoue
  • Sidonie Jacques
  • Bénédicte Neven
  • Brigitte Bader-Meunier
  • Pierre Quartier

Immunogenetics of pediatric autoimmune diseases

This project focuses on the mechanisms involved in the control of self-tolerance in primary human immunodeficiencies and in hyper immune syndromes. The autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is associated with mutations of the Fas gene and apoptosis deficiencies. It is characterized by a benign tumoral syndrome along with autoimmune cytopenias.This condition thus represents a key model to study some aspects predisposing to autoimmune diseases in the context of apoptosis deficiency. Moreover, the genetic and clinical variability of the ALPS suggests that additional factors are involved in the onset of the disease.

The main goal of this work is to identify the modifiers involved in ALPS with Fas deficiency and to evaluate their possible contribution in similar or related conditions with yet undefined mechanisms. In addition of extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis pathways study we analyze the development and the function of regulatory T cells in the context of ALPS. Such study is also performed in autoimmune disorders associated with deficiency of the regulatory T cells like in Immunodysregulation Polyendocrinopathy Enteropathy X-linked (IPEX) and in IPEX-like patients with autosomal inheritence, as well as in severe combined immunodeficiencies. This project is based on the availability of the patients’ blood samples, as well as on the development of animal or cellular models. This work should provide a better understanding of the molecular and cellular bases of the mechanisms involved in T cells homeostasis and self-tolerance, and should allow the identification of susceptibility factors to human auto-immune diseases.