Incomplete penetrance for isolated congenital asplenia in humans with mutations in translated and untranslated RPSA exons.
Bolze A, Boisson B, Bosch B, Antipenko A, Bouaziz M, Sackstein P, Chaker-Margot M, Barlogis V, Briggs T, Colino E, Elmore AC, Fischer A, Genel F, Hewlett A, Jedidi M, Kelecic J, Krüger R, Ku CL, Kumararatne D, Lefevre-Utile A, Loughlin S, Mahlaoui N, Markus S, Garcia JM, Nizon M, Oleastro M, Pac M, Picard C, Pollard AJ, Rodriguez-Gallego C, Thomas C, Von Bernuth H, Worth A, Meyts I, Risolino M, Selleri L, Puel A, Klinge S, Abel L, Casanova JL.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
2018 aoû 21
Isolated congenital asplenia (ICA) is the only known human developmental defect exclusively affecting a lymphoid organ. In 2013, we showed that private deleterious mutations in the protein-coding region of RPSA, encoding ribosomal protein SA, caused ICA by haploinsufficiency with complete penetrance. We reported seven heterozygous protein-coding mutations in 8 of the 23 kindreds studied, including 6 of the 8 multiplex kindreds. We have since enrolled 33 new kindreds, 5 of which are multiplex. We describe here 11 new heterozygous ICA-causing RPSA protein-coding mutations, and the first two mutations in the 5'-UTR of this gene, which disrupt mRNA splicing. Overall, 40 of the 73 ICA patients (55%) and 23 of the 56 kindreds (41%) carry mutations located in translated or untranslated exons of RPSA. Eleven of the 43 kindreds affected by sporadic disease (26%) carry RPSA mutations, whereas 12 of the 13 multiplex kindreds (92%) carry RPSA mutations. We also report that 6 of 18 (33%) protein-coding mutations and the two (100%) 5'-UTR mutations display incomplete penetrance. Three mutations were identified in two independent kindreds, due to a hotspot or a founder effect. Finally, RPSA ICA-causing mutations were demonstrated to be de novo in 7 of the 23 probands. Mutations in RPSA exons can affect the translated or untranslated regions and can underlie ICA with complete or incomplete penetrance.
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