Ex vivo generated human T-lymphoid progenitors as a tool to accelerate immune reconstitution after partially HLA compatible hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or after gene therapy.
André I, Simons L, Ma K, Moirangthem RD, Diana JS, Magrin E, Couzin C, Magnani A, Cavazzana M.
Bone Marrow Transplant
2019 Aug 1
Prolonged T-cell immunodeficiency following HLA- incompatible hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) represents a major obstacle hampering the more widespread use of this approach. Strategies to fasten T-cell reconstitution in this setting are highly warranted as opportunistic infections and an increased risk of relapse account for high rates of morbidity and mortality especially during early month following this type of HSCT. We have implemented a feeder free cell system based on the use of the notch ligand DL4 and cytokines allowing for the in vitro differentiation of human T-Lymphoid Progenitor cells (HTLPs) from various sources of CD34+ hematopoietic stem and precursor cells (HSPCs). Co- transplantion of human T-lymphoid progenitors (HTLPs) and non- manipulated HSPCs into immunodeficient mice successfully accelerated the reconstitution of a polyclonal T-cell repertoire. This review summarizes preclinical data on the use of T-cell progenitors for treatment of post- transplantation immunodeficiency and gives insights into the development of GMP based protocols for potential clinical applications including gene therapy approaches. Future clinical trials implementing this protocol will aim at the acceleration of immune reconstitution in different clinical settings such as SCID and leukemia patients undergoing allogeneic transplantation. Apart from pure cell-therapy approaches, the combination of DL-4 culture with gene transduction protocols will open new perspectives in terms of gene therapy applications for primary immunodeficiencies.