FAM46A mutations are responsible for autosomal recessive osteogenesis imperfecta.
Doyard M, Bacrot S, Huber C, Di Rocco M, Goldenberg A, Aglan MS, Brunelle P, Temtamy S, Michot C, Otaify GA, Haudry C, Castanet M, Leroux J, Bonnefont JP, Munnich A, Baujat G, Lapunzina P, Monnot S, Ruiz-Perez VL, Cormier-Daire V.
Source : J Med Genet
2018 Apr 1
Pmid : 29358272
METHODS AND RESULTS: This prompted us to screen FAM46A in 25 OI patients with no known mutations.We identified a homozygous deleterious variant in FAM46A in two affected sibs with typical OI [p.His127Arg]. Another homozygous variant, [p.Asp231Gly], also classed as deleterious, was detected in a patient with type III OI of consanguineous parents using homozygosity mapping and exome sequencing.FAM46A is a member of the superfamily of nucleotidyltransferase fold proteins but its exact function is presently unknown. Nevertheless, there are lines of evidence pointing to a relevant role of FAM46A in bone development. By RT-PCR analysis, we detected specific expression of FAM46A in human osteoblasts andinterestingly, a nonsense mutation in Fam46a has been recently identified in an ENU-derived (N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea) mouse model characterised by decreased body length, limb, rib, pelvis, and skull deformities and reduced cortical thickness in long bones.
CONCLUSION: We conclude that FAM46A mutations are responsible for a severe form of OI with congenital bowing of the lower limbs and suggest screening this gene in unexplained OI forms.