IFT81, encoding an IFT-B core protein, as a very rare cause of a ciliopathy phenotype.
Perrault I, Halbritter J, Porath JD, Gérard X, Braun DA, Gee HY, Fathy HM, Saunier S, Cormier-Daire V, Thomas S, Attié-Bitach T, Boddaert N, Taschner M, Schueler M, Lorentzen E, Lifton RP, Lawson JA, Garfa-Traore M, Otto EA, Bastin P, Caillaud C, Kaplan J, Rozet JM, Hildebrandt F.
Source : J Med Genet
2015 Oct 1
Pmid : 26275418
METHODS: We screened 1628 individuals with reno-ocular ciliopathies by targeted next-generation sequencing of ciliary candidate genes, including all IFT-B encoding genes.
RESULTS: Consequently, we identified a homozygous mutation in IFT81 affecting an obligatory donor splice site in an individual with nephronophthisis and polydactyly. Further, we detected a loss-of-stop mutation with extension of the deduced protein by 10 amino acids in an individual with neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis-1. This proband presented with retinal dystrophy and brain lesions including cerebellar atrophy, a phenotype to which the IFT81 variant might contribute. Cultured fibroblasts of this latter affected individual showed a significant decrease in ciliated cell abundance compared with controls and increased expression of the transcription factor GLI2 suggesting deranged sonic hedgehog signalling.
CONCLUSIONS: This work describes identification of mutations of IFT81 in individuals with symptoms consistent with the clinical spectrum of ciliopathies. It might represent the rare case of a core IFT-B complex protein found associated with human disease. Our data further suggest that defects in the IFT-B core are an exceedingly rare finding, probably due to its indispensable role for ciliary assembly in development.