Immunity to EBV as revealed by immunedeficiencies.

Fournier B, Latour S.

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Curr Opin Immunol

2021 Oct 1

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Epstein-Barr virus infection is the most common viral latent infection in humans and represents one prototypical model to study immunity to viral infections. In that respect, inborn errors of immunity (IEIs) or primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) predisposing to severe and chronic EBV infections provide peculiar examples to decipher-specific molecular and cellular components involved in the immune control of EBV-infected cells. Herein, we discuss the recent knowledge and concepts arising from these studies, with a particular focus on 'atypical' EBV infections when EBV enters T, NK and smooth muscle cells, instead of the common 'typical' infection of B cells.

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